What is a Column?
Column length is typically 3 times their lowest cross-sectional lateral dimension. The strength of any column is largely determined by its shape , size, cross-section, length and the position and position of the column.
The Column is an vertical element in a building structure that is built to support the buckling and compressive loads.
The column is among the most important structural elements of the structure. Based on the load coming onto the column, the size of the column is either increased or decreased.
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What is Beam?
Beam Beam is a structural horizontal component in construction. It is specifically designed to support herar forces, bend moments and then transfer the load to columns at both ends of it.
The bottom of the beam is subject to tension force, while its upper section experiences compression force. So, more steel reinforcement is present on the bottom of the beam compared to at the upper end portion of beam.
What is Slab?
A slab can be described as a structural component of the building which is utilized to create an uniform hard surface. The flat surfaces of slabs can be used for floors, roofs and ceilings.
It is a structural piece horizontal that’s size can vary based on the structure’s size and area . Its thickness can also vary.
The slab’s minimum thickness is required for construction that is normal, which is 130 mm. Generallyspeaking, each slab is supported by a column, beam and wall.
Self-weight of concrete is about 2400 kilograms per cubic meter. That is equivalent to the equivalent of 240 KN. Steel’s self-weight is about 8000 kilograms per cubic millimeter.
Even if we consider the size of a large column 600 x 230 mm with 11% steel and a height of 3 meters as standard The self weight of the column is approximately 1000 kg for each floor, that’s equivalent about 10 kg. In my calculation, I consider the column weight is between 10 and 15 kN for each floor.
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Calculation of the load for beams:
Similar calculations as the above. I’ll assume that each meter beam is 300 mm x 450mm without slab thickness. Thus, the self-weight is approximately 2.5 kN for each running meters.
Load Calculation for Walls:
Brick density varies from 1500-2000 kilograms per cubic millimeter. For an average 6” wall with a height of 3 meters with a width of one meter, we could determine the load for a running meter to be 0.150 1 3 2000 = 900 kg which equals 9 kN/meter. It is possible to calculate the loads per running meter for any brick type by using this method.
For autoclaved concrete blocks such as Aerocon or Siporex the amount of mass per cubic meter can range between 550 and 700 kilograms per cubic meters. Utilizing blocks to construct and wall loading, the wall loads per running meter could be as small as 4 kN/meter which could result in an enormous reduction in costs of building.
Calculation of the load for Slab
Let’s say the slab is one hundred and fifty-five millimeters. Each square meters of the slab will have an self-weight of 0.125 1 2400 = 300 kilograms that is equal to three kN. Then, let us assume the finishing load is 1 kN/meter and the an additional live load of 2kN for each meters. Thus, we could calculate that the slab’s load is about 6-7 kg per square meters.
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