Investigation of Near-Fault Ground Motion Effects on Substandard Bridge Columns and Bents (NEES-2009-0712)

By Mehdi Saiidi

University of Nevada-Reno

View Data

Licensed according to this deed.

Category

Databases

Published on

Abstract

Title: Investigation of Near-Fault Ground Motion Effects on Substandard Bridge Columns and Bents (NEES-2009-0712)

Year Of Curation: 2011

Description: Until recently, seismic design codes were generally based on research addressing far-field earthquake characteristics. As more near-fault ground motions have been recorded, it has been realized that special considerations may be needed for structures located in near-fault regions. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of near-fault ground motions on substandard bridge columns and bents. In addition, the effect of combined horizontal and vertical near-fault ground motion was examined. To accomplish these goals, several large scale reinforced concrete models were constructed and tested on a shake table using near and far-field ground motion records. The first set of testing consisted of two identical substandard bridge bents, both of which had been constructed as part of a previous study. One of the bents had been tested under the Sylmar far-field record and the other was tested in the present study under the Rinaldi near-fault record. The second set of testing consisted of two substandard circular bridge column models, 6FN and 6FNV. The first model was subjected to the near-fault Rinaldi earthquake. A model similar to this column was tested in a previous study subjected to the El Centro far-field record. The effect of vertical near-fault ground motion was studied on 6FNV by including the vertical component of the Rinaldi ground motion in addition to the horizontal component. Because the input earthquakes for the test models had different characteristics, three different measures were used to evaluate the effect of input earthquake. These measures were peak shake table acceleration, spectral acceleration at the fundamental period of the test specimens, and the specimen drift ratios. For each measure, force-displacement relationships, strains, curvatures, drift ratios, and visual damage were evaluated. In addition, analytical studies were conducted for each of the test models.

Award: FHWA

PIs & CoPIs: Mehdi Saiidi

Dates: August 01, 2007 - July 31, 2009

Organizations: University of Nevada-Reno, NV, United States

Facilities: University of Nevada-Reno, NV, United States

Sponsor: FHWA

Keywords: Columns, Near Fault Ground Motion, Bridge Bent

Publications: --

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Mehdi Saiidi (2017), "Investigation of Near-Fault Ground Motion Effects on Substandard Bridge Columns and Bents (NEES-2009-0712)," https://datacenterhub.org/resources/14360.

    BibTex | EndNote

Tags