Cyclic Behavior of Concrete Shear Walls: A Rational Approach (NEES-2011-1054)

By Thomas Hsu1, Mohamad Mansour1, Yi-Lung Mo1

1. University of Houston, TX, United States

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Abstract

Title: Cyclic Behavior of Concrete Shear Walls: A Rational Approach (NEES-2011-1054)

Year Of Curation: 2011

Description: Evidence from structural failures in past earthquakes clearly shows that shear walls offer excellent protection to buildings in seismic regions. This project is to develop a rational approach to understanding and predicting the behavior of low-rise shear walls and framed shear walls under cyclic loading. The overall concept behind this approach is that the complicated behavior of shear walls as a whole system, can be elucidated by integrating what can be learned, experimentally, about its parts and components, visualized as being an assembly of membrane elements (panels). The stress-strain behavior of individual membrane elements will be studied to establish physical and analytical models. The resulting models will then be integrated into a finite element program to compute and predict the load- deformation behavior of whole shear walls under specified conditions. A unique universal panel tester was constructed at the University of Houston in 1988 which is especially suited for the intended testing. A test program of 25 wall panels subjected to cyclic loading will be carried out. The results from the cyclic tests on membrane elements will be used to establish the cyclic constitutive laws of concrete. Concrete behavior such as stiffness deterioration, strength deterioration, and "pinching" of hysteretic loops will be determined and then used to calibrate their corresponding parameters in an analytical model established by El-Borgi. The calibrated hysteretic models will then enable a nonlinear finite element computer program be formulated, which can be used to predict the behavior of whole shear walls. The University of Houston in the United States and the Polytechnic School of Tunisia in Tunisia will jointly carry out this research.

Award: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=9711084

PIs & CoPIs: Thomas Hsu, Mohamad Mansour, Yi-Lung Mo

Dates: August 19, 1997 - August 16, 2000

Organizations: University of Houston, TX, United States

Facilities: University of Houston, TX, United States

Sponsor: NSF - 9711084

Keywords: Cyclic tests, Ductility, Energy dissipation, Hysteresis, Shear strain, Shear stress, Biaxial test, Concrete reinforced

Publications: 

"Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Elements under Cyclic Shear. I: Experiments"

"Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Elements under Cyclic Shear. II: Theoretical Model"

"Cyclic Stress-Strain Curves of Concrete and Steel Bars in Membrane Elements "

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Thomas Hsu; Mohamad Mansour; Yi-Lung Mo (2017), "Cyclic Behavior of Concrete Shear Walls: A Rational Approach (NEES-2011-1054)," https://datacenterhub.org/resources/14482.

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