Biological Improvement of Sands for Liquefaction Prevention and Damage Mitigation (NEES-2012-0953)

By Jason DeJong

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Published on

Jul 19, 2017


Title: Biological Improvement of Sands for Liquefaction Prevention and Damage Mitigation (NEES-2012-0953)

Year Of Curation: 2012

Description: Microbial induced calcite precipitation (MICP), a novel bio-mediated ground improvement method, was explored to mitigate liquefaction-prone soils. Geotechnical centrifuge tests were used to evaluate cementation integrity and the response of MICP cemented sands to dynamic loading. The cementation integrity testing reveals a change in behavior from a??soil-likea?? to a??rock-likea?? with an increase in treatment level. Results from dynamic testing demonstrate a clear increase in resistance to liquefaction of MICP treated sands compared to untreated loose sand. The MICP sands were treated to varying levels of cementation (light, moderate, and heavy cementation levels), assessed using non-destructive shear wave velocity measurements. The centrifuge models were all subjected to ground motions consisting of sine waves with increasing amplitudes. Accelerations, pore pressures, and settlements were measured in the soil during shaking, and the changes in soil behavior and post-shaking shear wave velocity for soils prepared to different cementation levels were investigated. Increased resistance to liquefaction was demonstrated with a decrease in excess pore pressure ratios in the MICP treated models as well as in reduced post-shaking settlements; however, surface accelerations were amplified at heavy levels of cementation. A tradeoff between improving liquefaction resistance and minimizing undesirable higher surface accelerations needs to be considered when designing the soil improvement level. (


PIs & CoPIs: Jason DeJong

Dates: October 13, 2010 - July 31, 2011

Organizations: ,University of California, Davis, CA, United States

Facilities: ,University of California, Davis, CA, United States

Sponsor: NSF - 0830182 (

Keywords: ,calcite cementation,centrifuge,Schaevitz centrifuge,ground improvement,liquefaction mitigation,bio-mediated soil improvement

Publications "Bio-Mediated Soil Improvement and the Effect of Cementation on the Behavior, Improvement, and Performance of Sand"

Cite this work

  • Jason DeJong (2017), "Biological Improvement of Sands for Liquefaction Prevention and Damage Mitigation (NEES-2012-0953),"