Wish List - Wish List: Wish #54

<Member picture

0 Like 0 Dislike

David D. Monk

Forming and Using the Simple Present Tense in English

Students who are learning English as a second language often encounter difficulty with conjugation and spelling when they use the simple present tense. Usually, they are searching for college essay help.

The biggest obstacle that many students face when they are learning to form the simple present tense in English is the uniqueness of the third person singular verb form. Consider the verb “to walk,” for example. The correct construction is:

  • I walk
  • You walk
  • He/she/it walks
  • We walk
  • They walk

It is clear in this construction that the third person singular (he/she/it) form varies from the others. We must add an "-s" to the end of the word. This is also true if the verb follows a singular noun (like "dog") or an indefinite pronoun, such as "anyone," "someone," "everyone," "anybody," "somebody," or "everybody."

My dog runs in the park. ("dog" is a singular noun - it could be substituted by "it")
Everyone gets older.
The necessity of adding an “-s” to the end of the verb when it is used in the third person singular can prove to be a real challenge for many ESL students, and it is something that requires a great deal of practice to get accustomed to. It can be particularly challenging when used with indefinite pronouns such as “everyone” that seems to imply that more than one person is present.

Basic Subject/Verb Agreement and Spelling (Adding –es and –ies)
Most often, the third person singular verb will simply end in “-s” as in the construction “He walks,” which was discussed at length above. However, if the verb ends with ss, zz, sh, ch, tch, or x, rather than simply adding “-s”, we must add “-es.” For example:

  • “kiss” becomes “kisses” in the third person singular form
  • "wash" becomes "washes"
  • "watch" becomes "watches"
  • "fix" becomes "fixes"

In addition, if the verb ends in a consonant followed by “-y,” the “-y” is dropped and “-ies” is added. For instance:

  • “carry” becomes “carries” in the third person singular form
  • "fly" becomes "flies"

However, if the verb ends in a vowel followed by “-y,” the “-y” remains and only an “-s” is added, as in the change demonstrated by the verb “say” which becomes “says” in the third person singular. Additional examples are:

  • "obey" which becomes "obeys"
  • "delay" which becomes "delays"

Irregular verbs
Another element that can prove tricky for ESL students is the fact there are four verbs which are irregular in the simple present tense form. These verbs are “go,” “do,” “have,” and “be.”

“Go,” “do,” and “have” are irregular only in the third person singular form and become “goes,” “does,” and “has.” Thus, the construction is: I go, you go, he/she goes, we go, they go. For "do," it is: I do, you do, he/she/it does, we do, they do. And, lastly, for "have" it is: I have, you have, he/she has, we have, they have.

  • He goes to the grocery store every Tuesday.
  • She does her homework before she goes to bed.
  • The dog has a large bone that he is eating.

The verb “be” is irregular is every simple present tense construction and is conjugated as follows: I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, they are.

  • I am an English teacher.
  • You are a student.
  • She is a student.
  • We are students. (don't forget to use the plural noun because there is more than one!)
  • They are students. (don't forget to use the plural noun)

Conclusion
Although these rules can pose a challenge to ESL students, understanding how to follow them will increase a student’s understanding of the English language. The simple present tense is a crucial part of communication, and its correct use will lead to a higher level of comprehension in both writing and conversation.

For more practice with the simple present tense, try out our activities. Just write to us "help me write an essay". And, for more information regarding the purpose and usefulness of the tense, please see "The Simple Present and the Present Continuous Tenses in English." 

Comments (11)

  1. fillip brown

    Extremely intriguing data. Many thanks. As an understudy, I took in a great deal of fascinating realities. Notwithstanding, recorded as a hard copy article or works I experience issues. This doesn't help the assistance https://www.collegessaywriter.com/paper-writing-help/. These folks can make a totally new organization with just a topic, and this is all extremely quick and top caliber.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  2. Bennet Roard

    Your thoughts look very interesting, I learned nuch new information.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  3. Bennet Roard

    I was an excellent student at school, I always managed to combine interests and studies. Usually I wrote great works myself and got good points for them. But since I went to university, I have had to turn to nurse essay writing , as I have many other tasks. Unlike others, they do their work on time and not expensively, which is important for students. Now I do not waste time on long writing of my papers.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  4. coalition strengthen

    Despite this, whenever I read something that has been printed out on paper octordle, I have problems. What good does it do for https://www.collegeessaywriter.com/paper-writing/ to have this kind of help? These people can quickly and expertly create a brand-new organization from scratch using only a single topic as a foundation.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  5. klint smith

    In such cases, searching for programming homework help reviews can empower you to finish your tasks on time and expert the fundamental ideas to achieve comparative assignments later on. The best programming schoolwork help destinations have encountered developers with the most elevated instructive capabilities to guarantee students get quality schoolwork help and direction.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  6. gh gfhdjsx ghfdej

    This is a very helpful article. In fact, I'm learning the language now, and there are many things that I don't understand. It would be nice to also find some online courses for beginners.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  7. Charlie C Flint

    Have you heard of the Promova language learning app? I like both the application and the fact that there are excellent teachers with whom you can study online and learn the language in a quality manner. I don't know your level, but you can try these courses https://promova.com/levels/intermediate-english for B1 which is good option. In general, consider it.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  8. zetisno zetisno

    Coding has paved the way for groundbreaking innovations paper io and fueled entrepreneurial endeavors. It has democratized access to technology, allowing individuals to transform their ideas into reality.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  9. wooden cut

    But our commitment to our customers does not end with the sale. We believe in building long-term relationships with our customers. That is why we offer excellent customer support even after your purchase. If you have any issues or concerns with your tools, our dedicated support team is just a phone call or email away.  https://adamtoolsmart.com/best-crown-stapler/

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  10. Lunwen Help

    Online course assistance provides a degree of convenience and flexibility for students, but it should be used with caution. Students should maintain academic integrity, select reputable assistance agencies, and view assistance as a tool for enhancing learning outcomes. Ultimately, wise use of online course https://www.lunwenhelp.com/wangkedaixiu/ assistance will help students excel academically and develop their personal abilities.

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.

  11. Travis Boult

    Wearing Joe Burrow Christmas Sweater is like scoring a touchdown for holiday style! It's a festive and spirited way for Bengals fans to celebrate the season with their favorite quarterback in mind

    Reply Report abuse

    Please login to comment.